This is because girls aged 10 to 15 years have small pelvises and are not ready for childbearing. Girl’s Human Rights and National Development. There is also the risk of obstructed labour. Early Motherhood: Early motherhood is one of the most adverse effects of child marriage and often leads to the death of the young mother during child birth. Without the one, the other wouldn’t exist. A girl may be married because her family cannot afford to pay her school fees, or for basic supplies such as sanitary pads. Because UNICEF works with a range of stakeholders – from grassroots organizations to high-level decision makers – across a scope of rights issues, we are uniquely positioned to identify and address the systemic barriers to reproductive health and gender equality. 3) The erroneous belief that it offers protection and security.Â Many parents wrongly believe thatÂ once married, their daughters will be safe from rape, premarital sex, and sexually transmitted infections. They face a higher risk of sexual and reproductive health morbidity, and maternal mortality. Psychologically, women married as children are more likely to suffer from symptoms related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and symptoms of depression. Child marriage is a human rights violation that impacts women and girls, along with their families and communities, in a variety of overlapping ways. Child marriage is a human rights violation that impacts women and girls, along with their families and communities, in a variety of overlapping ways. ItÂ is a major violation of the human rights of the girl child. , marriage before age 18 is associated with a 23 percent greater risk of diseases such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes and stroke. The Effects of Child Marriage on Maternal Health. Achieving higher levels of education and becoming economically independent becomes almost impossible within the context of child marriage, trapping a girl and her family, as well as communities and regions, into a cycle of poverty that may continue unless the pattern is broken with the next generation. Every year that a girl marries early, the statistics of completing secondary school drop even lower.If she cannot complete her education, she will have low earnings as an adult. These risks increase the likelihood of poor infant and child health outcomes. In addition to the physical danger this presents to women and girls, violence can also have lasting psychological implications on girls’ and women’s mental health. Child marriage and maternal health are deeply connected. Their risk for obstetric fistula is 88%. Globally, complications from pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death among girls ages 15-19 years old, with an estimated 70,000 girls dying each year of pregnancy and childbirth related complications. Child marriage not only puts a stop to girls’ hopes and dreams. They have come to learn from each other and discuss how to better protect their community – and children and youth in particular – from harm, including violence, sexual abuse and child marriage. When women and girls are barred from accessing education, their economic opportunities are limited, trapping them in a cycle of poverty, which will, in turn, limit their children’s educational opportunities and, as a result, their own economic prospects. They also have implications on child mortality and maternal health.Â This is the case not only for child brides, but also for their children and for societies overall. Many laws throughout the world have banned child marriage and the sexual exploitation of children. Once married or engaged, a husband or future husband may disapprove of his wife attending school, and stop her from attending. , and education levels are among the strongest predictors of whether a girl will marry early. Across all regions, children living in poverty are the most vulnerable to child marriage, and, girls from the poorest families are three times more likely to marry before age 18, Economic opportunities are extremely limited for women and girls in many communities, but the more education a girl has, the more she is able to increase her earnings and she, will reinvest the vast majority of those earnings back into her family. In the U.S., marriage before age 18 is associated with a 23 percent greater risk of diseases such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes and stroke. Nigerian refugee Hafsa Oumar, 16, stands outside a classroom in Dar es Salam camp, Lake Region, Chad. While the roots of the practice vary across countries and cultures, poverty, lack of educational opportunities and limited access to health care perpetuate it. Every day, 41,000 girls marry before they are 18 years old, according to the World Bank. 2) Tradition and the need to reinforce and establish social ties. For some parents, their reason for early marriage is the desire to maintain the familyâs good name and social standing. Early (child) marriage in Nigeria denies girl-children of school age their right to the education for their personal development, preparation for adulthood and effective contribution to the future well-being of their family and society. , pregnant girls may be prohibited from attending school as a result of discriminatory government policies. Young girls are more likely to have children with low birth weight, inadequate nutrition and anemia.Â Child marriage is significantly associated with increased likelihood of neonatal death and stillbirth as well as child and infant morbidity and mortality. Are girls married before age 18 more vulnerable to domestic violence? In Nigeria, about 42% of girls are married before the age of 18.Â Â The practice of this malady can deny educational opportunities, lead to poverty, and can have a deeply negative impact on the health of young girls. Because the vast majority of child marriages are younger girls to older men, there is an inherent imbalance of power in these relationships, which is often linked to domestic violence. They are also more vulnerable to sexually transmitted diseases. Marriage is often one of the main, if not the main reason, that adolescent girls drop out of school. Early childbearing can also result in an increased risk of miscarriage, difficulties during labor, postpartum hemorrhaging and obstetric fistula, which can occur when a mother gives birth before her body is physically ready to do so. Societal expectations often hinder a girl who is married from attending school. Very rarely is pregnancy outside wedlock a reason for early marriage. Did you know 650 million girls and women alive today were married as children? The negative implications of child marriages are as many as they are far reaching. Choosing one’s partner is a major decision, one that should be made freely and without fear orÂ coercion. Young girls between the ages of 10 and 14 years are 5 to 7 times more likely to die in childbirth. Addressing child marriage requires recognition of the factors that enable it. Others may do so because they believe it will secure their daughters’ futures or protect them. Â It is especially common in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, where young girls below 18 are forced into marriage. They are also more vulnerable to sexually transmitted diseases. People who wed young also face domestic violence and other types of abuse within a marriage, according to ChildInfo. Protecting children in humanitarian action, Review of the African Union Campaign to End Child Marriage. Achieving higher levels of education and becoming economically independent becomes almost impossible within the context of child marriage, trapping a girl and her family, as well as communities and regions, into a cycle of poverty that may continue unless the pattern is broken with the next generation. Norms and stereotypes around gender roles and marriage age, as well as the socio-economic risk of pregnancy outside of marriage, also uphold the practice. Early marriage also leads to a high risk of maternal death, because girls between the ages of 15 and 19 are more likely to experience complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Moreover, in some countries, such as Sierra Leone and Tanzania, pregnant girls may be prohibited from attending school as a result of discriminatory government policies. The effects are large. Child marriage and maternal health are deeply connected. A similar conclusion is reached when modelling the relationship between child marriage and educational attainment econometrically. Hafsa enrolled in school for the first time when she arrived in Chad, but stopped attending once she was married. Â Often, the social success of children is a measurable status, and a daughterâs success lies in a good marriage to another family. According to the United Nations,Â girls who marry before they areÂ 18 are more likely to experience unwanted pregnancies. Thatâs 15 million girls every year. Also read:Â Female Malawian chief breaks up 850 child marriages, How Child Marriages Are Affecting Our Society Today, End Child Marriage and Violence Against Children, There Are All Kinds Of Sex Positions To Keep Things Steamy Everyday! Over 720 million women and girls alive today were married before age 18. In places where the groomâs family pays a bride price, parentsÂ in difficult circumstances marry off their daughters as a source ofÂ income. UNICEF’s global database for data on child marriage. Going to school doesn’t spoil a girl – quite the contrary.”. Girls who marry before 18 are more likely to experience domestic violence and less likely to remain in school. Once married or engaged, a husband or future husband may disapprove of his wife attending school, and stop her from attending.
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