5 is the older (probably written in 1125 bc), the reader can reconstruct the actual history of the events. Other important contradictions include the action sites (Mount Tabor in Judg. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).
Deborah, and her story, can teach us so much, but there are three lessons we can all learn from: 1. Both men and women are made in the image of God. In the poem Jabin does not appear, and Sisera is an independent king of Canaan.
By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Why must we present characters in this account as comparisons instead of compliments? Assuming that the account preserved in Judg.
Beautiful Truth (Good Book Company, 2018). Thought to be an Ephramite because she resided in Ephraim (4:5), Deborah judged and led Israel for 60 years in the 12th century B.C.4 Her oversight covered approximately 20 years of national hardship before the Canaanite war and then a peaceful aftermath of 40 years. Revised Edition. Deborah, the only female judge in the Bible, excelled in multiple areas. 78–79.
32–37 (2015). 5, for example); which Israelite tribes joined Deborah and her chief commander, the Naphtalite Barak (only Zebulun and Naphtali in Judg. The chapters present the possibility of three war zones: the initial battleground of Mount Tabor and the Jezreel Valley (4:12); Tanaach (5:19); and the gates of Hazor and other Canaanite cities. 5); and the manner of Sisera’s death (in Judg. The chapters complement each other, fitting together details, insights, and judgments. 14a) (“Deborah,” p. 489). Kathleen Nielson, Women & God: Hard Questions. Rabbinic tradition lists seven prophetesses: Sarah, Miriam, Deborah, Hannah, Abigail, Huldah, and Esther (Meg. Sign up to receive our email newsletter and never miss an update.
Exhausted, he arrives at Jael’s tent. Put another way, the people sinned, learned from hardship, repented, and cried out to the Lord. Both Moses and Miriam led the Israelites in songs of victory after the crossing of the Sea of Reeds (Exodus 15:1–21). Bruce Herzberg, “Deborah and Moses,” Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 38, pp. It also constitutes a large portion of the Christian Bible. He has... 2. (The traditional…. Making good his word, the Lord throws Sisera and his forces into panic (4:15).
Combine a one-year tablet and print subscription to BAR with membership in the BAS Library to start your journey into the ancient past today! Similar designations go to Mary, the mother of Jesus (Luke 2:26–28, 42), and to Judith, heroine of the Apocryphal Book of Judith who beheaded Holofernes, an Assyrian, general and saved her people (Judith 13:23–25). The poetry in Chapter 5, the Song of Deborah, smacks of realism and emphasizes the role of women.11 The ballad tells a gripping story, ringing with eyewitness details. Seeing that the battle goes against the Canaanites, Sisera flees on foot. Judith, heroine of the Apocryphal Book of Judith, 53 People in the Bible Confirmed Archaeologically. A brief treatment of the Hebrew Bible follows. Arguably, Deborah first was recognized as a prophet, then as judge/leader, next in a military role (5:15), and finally as a songstress. 4 (evidently written after Judg. Asher, Dan, Gilead (Gad), and Reuben remain aloof. 5 he is struck down from behind while drinking a bowl of milk). Indeed, the stars in heaven fought against the doomed Sisera and the Canaanites (5:20). According to rabbinic tradition, Deborah wrote Psalm 6816; it clearly resembles both chapters, especially Judges 5.17. Interesting article! “Deborah,” The Jewish Encyclopedia. “Leadership resides not in gender but in character and gifting.” Interesting notion. According to rabbinic tradition, she was a keeper of tabernacle lamps. “Sisera,” The Jewish Encyclopedia. Her name means bee or even honeybee. She is shown here in a stained glass window by the Russian-Jewish artist Marc Chagall. Was He More than an Exodus Hero? She received her Ph.D. in Hebrew Studies from the University of Texas in Austin in 2000. 1043–1288. Consequently, nearby nations excelled in iron smelting. 2. Her most recent books are Six Biblical Plays for Contemporary Audiences (Cascade 2016) and Jeroboam’s Wife: The Enduring Contributions of the Old Testament’s Least-Known Women (Hendrickson, 2009; Wipf and Stock, 2018). “Wife of Lappidoth” also could be translated “woman of torches” or “woman of flame”; rabbinic tradition notes that Deborah was “a great light in Israel” (“Deborah,” p. 489). (4:23; 5:11d). 4, additional tribes in Judg. The judge Gideon built on Deborah’s military foundation and led Zebulon, Naphtali, and other tribes against the Midianites and Amalekites (6:33-35). The men include: In addition to Deborah, the women include: Those mentioned only incidentally include: Deborah’s tenure starts with the Lord’s judgment against Israel. One easily imagines Deborah strumming and beckoning Barak to walk and sing with her among their victorious countrymen. Deborah calls herself a mother in Israel (5:7). Chapter 4 highlights the conflict between the Israelites and Canaanites.
Robin Gallaher Branch teaches Old Testament and New Testament as an adjunct professor at Christian Brothers University in Memphis, Tennessee. Her leadership style favors a team approach; she willingly recognizes those who joined and served.12 She not only praises others but also thereby encourages them to ongoing service and development as leaders.13. Deborah, the only female judge in the Bible, excelled in multiple areas.1 Clearly one of the Bible’s most outstanding figures, she served ancient Israel as a prophet,2 judge, military leader, songwriter, and minstrel (Judges 4–5). 5), putatively composed by her, is perhaps the oldest section of the Bible and is of great importance for providing a contemporary glimpse of Israelite civilization in the 12th century bc. Carol Meyers, “Deborah,” in D. N. Freedman, ed., Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2000), pp. Judah and Simeon are not mentioned (attesting to the antiquity of the poem). The most obvious discrepancy is in the identity of the chief foe of the Israelites.
Photo: © 1997 Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY/ADAGP, Paris. 15–16. Deborah summons Barak from Kadesh in Naphtali; she tells him the Lord commands him to position himself at Mount Tabor and bring in 10,000 from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulon (4:5–6). Deborah’s song has many Hebrew words that are unknown now; that’s why its translations vary so much.
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