The South Yorkshire Coalfield is so named from its position within Yorkshire. This small scale mining persisted well into the late 1780s when the 4th Earl Fitzwilliam's colliery at Lawwood had only 19 "picks" or miners. MAP OF SITES ON UK MINING REMAINS. Despite the amalgamations the industry was still seen as inefficient and to promote more efficient development of what was still a vital resource the Government in 1938 nationalised the coal reserves. Moorland Collieries of North Yorkshire by Carl Thomas, Tutman’s Hole (and the lady who beat us by 99 years). The coal found in the South Yorkshire Coalfield was a bituminous coal that was generally used for the production of coal gas and coke. It began in 2003, partly in response to a suggestion by Alison Henesey, then librarian at the Yorkshire Coal Mining Museum, that “it would be useful to have a map which showed where the collieries were”. Coal has been mined from shallow seams and outcrops since medieval times and possibly earlier. They planned a canal running from Wakefield south through Barnsley to the River Don at Swinton east of Rotherham. The canal with branches to Elsecar and Worsborough allowed collieries through the coal field to be expanded. These faults give rise to the Frickley and Maltby troughs where the coal measures are thrown down and lie deeper than in other parts of the coalfield. A strike by miners in 1792 for higher wages at the Duke of Norfolk's collieries near Sheffield is an early example. The Jurassic Coals of the North York Moors area were primarily used for burning lime in kilns for agricultural purposes in order to neutralise the poor, acid rich, moorland soils. Improvements in drilling techniques allowed deeper bore holes to be sunk so the engineers had a better understanding of the coal deposits and this gave confidence to the speculators as to possible returns. Some seams produced coal suitable for raising steam, i.e.  The coke was then used for iron and steel manufacture. By 1769 300,000 tons of coal were exported from the southern area of the coalfield.  It is part of the larger Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Yorkshire Coalfield. See more ideas about Coal mining, Coal, Colliery. It closed in 2013.). Moorland Collieries of North Yorkshire. your own Pins on Pinterest Its western boundary is defined by the outcropping of coal seams in the foothills of the Pennines and in the east by the descent of the coal-bearing strata under overlying rocks as they approach the North Sea. Some notable explosions are detailed further in the article. RootsChat.com is a totally free family history forum to help you. During the Second World War, to ensure production levels were met, conscript labour redirected from the armed forces, the Bevin Boys, was used in the collieries. Coal has been mined from shallow seams and outcrops since medieval times and possibly earlier. During this period the coalfield suffered a series of fatal explosions as the available mine ventilation techniques were unable to safely deal with large quantity of methane or firedamp produced by the Barnsley seam in the deeper and larger mines being sunk. From the lowest seam (Halifax Soft Bed) to the highest (Shafton) there are some … The measures were designed to encourage the substitution of coal for wood wherever possible, though many wealthy landowners continued the practices until their timber supplies ran out, coal therefore became a valuable commodity and one to be exploited. JUST ZOOM INTO THE AREA YOU ARE INTERESTED IN AND PUSH THE PIN FOR THE MINE… This in turn forced the colliery owners in Southern Yorkshire to improve their access to the sea. Discover (and save!) All Census Lookups are Crown Copyright, National Archives for academic and non-commercial research purposes only. It is difficult for many to imagine that the Moors of today were home to such an industry or that significant coal deposits even exist in the area. Many surplus supplies were sold to locals for fuel and for a period, local coal fired the calcining kilns at Rosedale. The colliery closure that started the strike was at Cortonwood in South Yorkshire.  These all generally failed to bring about any improvement in pay and conditions. It was during 1929 as these deeper pits sunk in the early years of the 20th century came into full production that the South Yorkshire Coalfield produced its record amount of coal 33.5 m tons, 13% of Britain's coal output that year. RootsChat.com cannot be held responsible directly or indirectly for the messages or content posted by others.  The southern limit was marked by the Barnsley Bed losing its coking qualities.. Some notable disasters either for their effect outside the region or scale: Coordinates: 53°28′55″N 1°17′38″W / 53.482°N 1.294°W / 53.482; -1.294, History of the development of the coalfield, Coal Seams of the South Yorkshire Coalfield, Northern Mine Research Society – Mines of coal and other stratified minerals in Yorkshire from 1854, "History of the NUM: 1 - Towards a national union", "History of the NUM: 2 - Baptism by fire", "History of the NUM: 3 - Fighting for Principles", "History of the NUM: 4 - The Lock-out of 1921", "History of the NUM: 5 - The general strike", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_Yorkshire_Coalfield&oldid=966719971, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 July 2020, at 19:41. I'd like to try and find out where a particular family worked. The colliery owners to the south in Derbyshire cut the Chesterfield Canal from Chesterfield to join with the River Trent near Gainsborough in 1777 which allowed them to compete directly with the South Yorkshire Coalfield. Ford, Baines, Dixon, Platts, Peat, Proctor, Rotherforth, Dakin/Daykin, Sales, Beech, Hall, Parkin, Nightingale. Id like to try and find out where a particular family . The most famous seam in the South Yorkshire Coalfield was the Barnsley seam or bed. home; forum; Help; Search; Calendar; Login; Register; RootsChat.Com » General » The Common Room » Colliery Maps; Print; Reply; Pages:  Author Topic: Colliery Maps (Read 5621 times) Comosus. it had a low ash and sulphur content. , During the 19th century a variety of unions or associations such as the Mining Association of Great Britain & Ireland, the Miners National Union and the Miners Federation of Great Britain were formed to campaign for improved wages and better working conditions. Ten years later the Northern Mine Research Society made this valuable tool freely available to anyone interested in coal mining history. The exposed coalfield outcrops in the Pennine foothills and dips under Permian rocks in the east. The coal would have been used locally as a heating fuel or in the production of iron. The South Yorkshire Coalfield has suffered some the worst mining disasters in Great Britain and the largest disaster in terms of fatalities in England. There has been conflict between the mine owners and the miners for more than 200 years. The top of the seam was a soft bright coal, the middle section known as the "hards" was a dull hard high quality coal suitable for raising steam. Finally other seams produced coal for household use. Its most famous coal seam is the Barnsley Bed. The coal measures themselves consist of a variety of individual coal seams occurring between sandstones, clay bands, shales and other strata, each of which vary in thickness and extent over the area and may include local geological disruptions or faults. Two large scale strikes took place in 1844 and 1893. Successful strikes in the early 1970s resulted in wage improvements but as the market for UK coal declined and collieries closed, tension between the miners and the government increased and in 1984 a large scale strike started. Read the full paper here :- Moorland Collieries of North Yorkshire by Carl Thomas, Covers sites at Gilling East, Ankness, Castleton, Clitherbeck, Rosedale Head, Lealholme, Blakey, Little Blakey, Hermit Waith, Sledshoe, Lower Rudland, Bumper Pits/Ladhill Gill, Danby Head, Swinikal(Swinacle), Upper Rudland, Carr Cote, Weather Cote (Wether Cote), Harland Drift, Birdforth, Newburgh Park, Cloughton Wyke, Rigg Hall, Goathland, Armathwath Pit / Baysdale Head, High Moor, Nape How/Gnipe How, May Beck, Fryup, Boroby/Borrowby, Snilesworth, Glaisdale, Wintergill, Westerdale, Hamer, Hazel Head/Collier Gill, Piethorn, Oakley Walls, Swinestone Cliff, Commondale, Rigg Road Rosedale, Boars Gill, Birk Wath, Hartoft End, Julian Park. The National Coal Board management in the 40 years following nationalisation, closed inefficient and worked out collieries, amalgamated and combined other collieries to form larger production units where significant assets such as skip winders and coal washing and grading facilities could be used by several collieries and opened new drift mines which could be fitted with the latest equipment. I had been using my browsing history to re-visit the site each time but one of my kids deleted the browsing history (that's another story). It is difficult for many to imagine that the Moors of today were home to such an industry or that significant coal deposits even exist in the area. , Other famous seams include the Parkgate seam that produced mainly gas coal, the Silkstone seam which produced coal suitable for many purposes and the Swallow Wood seam that produced household and gas coal. The costs required in the deeper pits required more coal to guarantee a suitable return, therefore mines were set up in rural areas where large royalties could be negotiated with little in the way of buildings on the land to minimise the amount of coal that had to be left to prevent subsidence. At the turn of the 20th century many of the collieries on the exposed coalfield had exhausted the Barnsley seam in their royalty and rather than abandon their investment and experienced workforces many owners sank deeper shafts to exploit the seams that lay beneath the exhausted Barnsley seam such as the Parkgate and Swallow wood seams.
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